The AMANAH 'TRUST' Part 3
Yousuf Saleh 7th February 2014
All Praise is due to Allah (swt) who is the Sustainer of all the Universe. May the peace and
blessings of Allah (swt) be upon Muhammad (saws), his family, his companions and all those who
follow him in righteousness until the day of resurrection.
Respected brothers and sisters at home, since the last two Jumu’ah we have been talking about ‘ALAMANAH’. Today we will be continuing this subject.
Once before Hijrah, the Prophet (saw) came with some of his Companions in order to enter the
Kabah. 'Uthman ibn Talhah had not embraced Islam until that time. He stopped the Prophet (saw)
from going in, and he showed an attitude which was very rude.
The Prophet (saw) showed great restraint, tolerated his harsh words, then said: '0 'Uthman, a day
will come when you would perhaps see this key to the Baytullah in my hands when I shall have the
power and choice to give it to anyone I choose.' 'Uthman ibn Talhah said: 'If this happens, the
Quraysh will then be all uprooted and disgraced.' He said: 'No, the Quraysh will then be all
established and very honourable indeed.'
When came the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet (saw) called Uthman ibn Talhah and asked for
the key to Baytullah, he had to give the key to the Prophet (saw) on this day. It is said that on the
day of the conquest of Makkah the keeper of the keys, Usman bin Talhah, refused to hand them
over to Hazrat Ali (KW), who then forcibly took them from him. Hazrat Abbas (RA) requested the
Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) to entrust the keys to him. It was at that time that Allah sent
down the following verse: “Allah does command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom
they belong…” (4:58.) The Prophet (saw) instructed Hazrat Ali (KW) to hand back the keys to
Usman bin Talhah.
Upon finding out the reason for this, Usman bin Talhah immediately embraced Islam. It is reported
that the Archangel Jibreel (AS) appeared and said that the keys would forever remain with the
family of Usman bin Talhah. Since then the keys have been kept by the Shebah family, as Usman
bin Talhah, before his death, had given them to his paternal cousin. Presently Shaikh Abdul Aziz
bin Abdullah bin Abdul Qadir al-Shebi is the custodian of the keys.
Hazrat 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab (ra), says: 'That day, when the Prophet (saw) came out of the
Baytullah, he was reciting the Aayah, Verse 58 of ch-4; Surely, Allah commands you to fulfil trust
obligations towards those entitled to them’, I had never heard him reciting this verse before this.'
Obviously, this verse was revealed to him inside the Ka'bah exactly at that time. So, Obeying the
Divine command in the verse, the Prophet (saw) called 'Uthman ibn Talhah again and made him the
trustee of the key.
And He has returned the key to none else but Uthman. although, that was a time when His very
own persons 'Abbas and 'Ali (ra) , had both requested that, since Baytullah's offices of water
supply and safeguarding services were in their respective charge, this service of the Key-Bearer of
the Ka'bah may be entrusted to them. But, the Prophet (saw) preferred to follow the instructiongiven in this verse, bypassed their request and returned the key to 'Uthman ibn Talhah. (Tafsir
This was the background in which this verse was revealed. At this point let us bear in mind an
important rule on which there is a consensus. The rule is that even if a Qur'anic verse is revealed in
a particular background, the rule laid down by it in general terms, must be taken as of universal
application and must not be restricted to that particular event.
Respected brothers and sisters at home, the organizations of authority and government are trusts
from Allah (swt). This verse tells us that organizations and positions of management whatever they
may be are all handed over to the recipients as trust from Allah (swt). Those who receive it are its
Amin (trustees). This covers all executives and everyone else in authority that have the powers of
appointments and removals.
It is not permissible for them that they give any office or job or responsibility to anyone who is not
deserving of it. Instead of doing that, it is incumbent on those in authority that they must make a
serious search for the most deserving person for every job, everyOffice and every post. Cursed is he
who appoints somebody undeserving to any responsibility. In case, it is not possible to find the
most perfect person for an office someone with the most desirable qualifications and capabilities,
someone who combines in himself all required conditions, then, preference may be given to the one
who is superior-most in terms of his capabilities and trustworthiness from among the many of those
In a hadith mentioned in (Jam’ul-Fawa'id, p 325) the Prophet (saw) said: If a person, who has been
charged with some responsibility relating to the general body of Muslims, gives an office to
someone simply on the basis of friendship or connection of some sort, without finding out the
capability or merit of the person concerned, the curse of Allah (swt) falls on him. Not accepted from
him is any act of worship which he has been obligated with.
In some narrations it is reported that whoever entrusts a person with an office of responsibility,
although he knows that there is another person more suited and more deserving for that office, then,
he has committed a breach of trust against Allah, against His Prophet and against all Muslims.
Respected brothers and sisters at home, the chaos and corruption seen in many systems of authority
these days is a sad consequence of ignoring this Qur’anic teaching, as Responsibilities are
distributed on the basis of connections, recommendations and bribes.
The result is that undeserving and unjust people assume offices they are not fit to occupy, doing
nothing but harassing millions of God's own people, and in the process, destroying the structure of
Therefore, the Prophet (saw) said: "When the responsibility of affairs is placed under the chargeof
those who are not deserving of and fit for it, then, wait for the Day of Doom (that is, there is no
solution for this chaos)."
I ask Allah SWT to guide us to the straight path. May Allah make us like His pious servants who
lived up to the sacred trusts committed to them.