Some Basic Islamic Beliefs
1) Belief in God:
Muslims believe in one, unique, incomparable
God,Who has no son nor partner, and that
none has the right to be worshipped but Him
alone. He is the true God, and every other
deity is false. He has the most magnificent
names and sublime perfect attributes. No one
shares His divinity, Nor His attributes. In the
Quran, God describes Himself:
(Say, "He is God, the One. God, to whom
the creatures turn for their needs. He
begets not, nor was He begotten, and there
is none like Him.") (Quran, 112:1-4)
No one has the right to be invoked, supplicated,
prayed to, or shown any act of worship, but
God alone is the Almighty, the Creator, the
Sovereign, and the Sustainer of everything in
the whole universe. He manages all affairs. He
stands in need of none of His creatures, and all
His creatures depend on Him for all that they
need. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing,
and the All-Knowing.
In a perfect manner, his knowledge encompasses all things, the
open and the secret, and the public and the
private. He knows what has happened, what
will happen, and how it will happen. No affair
occurs in the whole world except by His will.
Whatever He wills is, and whatever He does not
will is not and will never be.
His will is above the will of all the creatures.
He has power over all things, and He is able to
He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful,
and the Most Beneficent. In one of the sayings
of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), we are told
that God is more merciful to His creatures than
a mother to her child. God is far removed from
injustice and tyranny.
He is All-Wise in all of His actions and decrees.
If someone wants something from God, he or
she can ask God directly without asking anyone
else to intercede with God for him or her.
God is not Jesus, and Jesus is not God. Even
Jesus himself rejected this. God has said in
(Indeed, they have disbelieved who have
said, "God is the Messiah (Jesus), son of
Mary." The Messiah said, "Children of
Israel! Worship God, my Lord and your
Lord. Whoever associates partners in
worship with God, then God has forbidden
Paradise for him, and his home is the Fire
(Hell). For the wrongdoers, there will be
no helpers.") (Quran, 5:72)
God is not a trinity. God has said in the Quran:
(Indeed, they disbelieve who say, "God is
the third of three (in a trinity)," when
there is no god but one God. If they desist
not from what they say, truly, a painful
punishment will befall the disbelievers
among them.Would they not rather repent
to God and ask His forgiveness? For God
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. The
Messiah (Jesus), son of Mary, was no more
than a messenger. (Quran, 5:73-75)
Islam rejects that God rested on the seventh day
of the creation that He wrestled with one of His
angels that He is an envious plotter against
mankind, or that He is incarnate in any human
being. Islam also rejects the attribution of any
human form to God. All of these are considered
blasphemous. God is the Exalted. He is far
removed from every imperfection. He never
becomes weary. He does not become drowsy
nor does he sleep.
The Arabic word Allah means God (the one and
only true God who created the whole universe).
This word Allah is a name for God, which is used
by Arabic speakers, both Arab Muslims and Arab
Christians. This word cannot be used to
designate anything other than the one true God.
The Arabic word Allah occurs in the Quran
about 2700 times. In Aramaic, a language related
closely to Arabic and the language that Jesus
habitually spoke, God is also referred to as Allah.
2) Belief in the Angels:
Muslims believe in the existence of the angels
and that they are honoured creatures. The
angels worship God alone, obey Him, and act
only by His command. Among the angels is
Gabriel, who brought down the Quran to
3) Belief in God’s revealed Books:
Muslims believe that God revealed books to His
Messengers as proof for mankind and as
guidance for them. Among these books is the
Quran, which God revealed to the Prophet
Muhammad (Pbuh). God has guaranteed the
Qur’an’s protection from any corruption or
distortion. God has said:
"Indeed, we have sent down the Quran,
and surely we will guard it (from
4) Belief in the Prophets and
Messengers of God:
Muslims believe in the Prophets and
Messengers of God, starting with Adam,
including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac,
Jacob, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them).
But God’s final message to man, a
reconfirmation of the eternal message, was
revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh).
Muslims believe that Muhammad (Pbuh) is the
last prophet sent by God, as God has said:
"Muhammad is not the father of any one
of your men, but he is the Messenger of
God and the last of the prophets..."
Muslims believe that all the Prophets and
messengers were created human beings who
had none of the divine qualities of God.
5) Belief in the Day of Judgment:
Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment (the
Day of Resurrection) when all people will be
resurrected for God’s judgment according to
their beliefs and deeds.
6) Belief in Al-Qadar:
Muslims believe in Al-Qadar, which is Divine
Predestination, but this belief in Divine
Predestination does not mean that human
beings do not have freewill. Rather, Muslims
believe that God has given human beings
freewill. This means that they can choose right
or wrong and that they are responsible for their
The belief in Divine Predestination includes
belief in four things:
1) God knows everything. He knows what
has happened and what will happen.
2) God has recorded all that has happened
and all that will happen.
3)Whatever God wills to happen happens,
and whatever He wills not to happen does
4) God is the Creator of everything.